Gephi Exercise | GNU Horizons

Screenshot from 2014-07-29 13:53:27

An extremely interesting feature of the SNA package gephi is the ability to work on a single network in several workspaces at the same time.

Using Gephi, for instance, we might analyze what social network data we have for — a likely place to start given its own stated principles and procedures. Nothing like targeting networks of the networked as practiced by networks people to see how networking is done.

The analysis includes sorting nodes into communities or clusters according to a modularity algorithm that I will not pretend to understand — Mrvar has an excellent tutorial — making this somewhat useless as a tutorial, but useful to me as a benchmark.


The illustration shown here is the result of taking a network of [x] nodes and [x] edges, crawled and stored by the WIRE bot in the .net format of Pajek,  and applying Force Atlas — which, like some of the circular layouts, tends to sort nodes into a maplike configuration, tending to segregate nodes into non-overlapping territories.


In this case, I calculated the modularity statistic with its default value and was left with what always looks to me like a human brain, with its modules, folds, nodes and nodules and so on.

Screenshot from 2014-07-29 17:19:05

Next, I created a filter based on modularity clusters.

Using this filter, I created three modules, moved each to its own workspace, and applied the Circular Layout to them one by one.


That is, I filtered out clusters 1 and 2 and then applied Circular Layout to cluster 3, as shown above.

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SEO | A Triple-Click on Google & Bing


As Diane Wong of the Australian iProspect SEO shop noted earlier this year, a newborn, all-Aussie Yahoo-MSN ad alliance pits  Bing Against Google and Yahoo! in Search Advertising.

It got me thinking, but not necessarily thinking straight. Bear this in mind in perusing the following.

It’s now been 4 months since Mi9 launched Bing Ads in Australia & New Zealand. In Australia, Google has around 93 per cent search market share and still remains the most obvious choice of platform for paid search advertisers. So as the Google versus Bing debate continues, will Google’s dominance continue to grow or is Bing’s entry to the Australian market going to overtake Yahoo’s previous market share?

Screenshot from 2014-07-28 11:05:01

A Web crawl of the Brazilian publishing and multimedia sectors demonstrates how central ad servers are to the Brazilian Web, and which, and how, they function.

This is happening in Brazil as well, as when the two ur-portals signed off on an online marketing partnership with an eye to slicing off a piece of as a yet underdeveloped market. This was in April 2013. I wondered whether channels of connectivity observable in the field might explain some inconsistencies. The trade-off with sociometric institutional analysis is often that jobs and those who do them do not follow the organization chart. The result can be a VNO, a “virtual networked organization” in which links in the value chain do not correspond to how things really get done … a clever strategy for the giant institutions — academia, government, civil society — to pursue ends they would rather not be seen as pursuing.


Not long ago, Prisa and Santillana, the Spanish publishing treasure galleons, were beginning their run for the gold, burning to achieve market share comparable to the multimedia empire of Televisa (75% of the national market!)


Yahoo! and Bing share a network, after Yahoo! signed on the dotted line with Microsoft Advertising.

On Friday, August 2,  Microsoft will launch a sponsored link service called Bing Ads, to be run by Microsoft Advertising. The service allows the user to manage both Yahoo! and the Bing search engine, in a single central office. The company hopes to stimulate competition among equals with Google, which operates in advertising through the AdWords program.

What can lay reader understand about the whys of this competition and all these strategic gambits, I wondered? Anything? I have collected — so far — a sample of 12,869,601 from 800,000 sites — using a Web crawler developed at the University of Chile — then used SNA techniques to focus on results from the .br TLD.

That data can be sorted somewhat intuitively — the coal has been carted away so the diamonds are more likely still here.  I have begun trying various ways of interpreting these data.

Screenshot from 2014-07-29 08:44:32

[To be continued]

I am curious, for instance, about content provision agreements among the major metro dailies and the mega-portals: the Estado de S. Paulo and Folha de S. Paulo and Globo. Estado now feeds national news to the Yahoo! Brasil site, and there seem to be such convenants to take into account. Much of the foreign news comes from EFE.

The selection of the Editora Abril as the Brazilian franchise of the Huffington Post, after conversing on the subject for the past couple of years. There are several other portals in the space as well — iG, Terra, and R7 (Rede Record) who have displayed signs of rethinking their presence to the reader.

Also curious is the case of Universal Online, a Web portal married not many years ago to the output of the Folha de S. Paulo

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Carnaval of Votes | Enter the Consultants


Why Germany’s Win Sent Brazil Stocks Higher!? asks the Wall Street Daily at the close of trading on Friday.

The answer was a complex maybe, though indices were up.

The electioneering blitzkrieg, under Brazil’s peculiar electoral system, is warming  its engines.

Brace for vicious  nonsense. Continue reading

Huffington | Since April, Seems to Flower


Inside the boundaries of a rural tract of land belonging to a presidential candidate, an airstrip capable of receiving planes with up to 50 passengers.  Some $7 million in public funds went into the construction.

It gives me a mild shock when the first messenger arrives with the tidings: It is the Brazilian franchise of the Huffington Post.

The revelation that a public airport managed by relatives of Aécio Neves poured fuel on the fire in the Neves campaign. The National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC) released a statement today (July 22) stating that it will notify the state government of Minas about the case and that it will investigate possible irregularities at the airport in Cláudio (Minas Gerais).

In the bunker of Muda Brasil“time for a change” — commanded by Neves, ANAC’s response to negative front-page coverage by the Folha de S. Paulo was interpreted as a political ploy.

Senior Neves advisors believe that the public machine is being used in favor of the incumbent Dilma Rousseff.

“This time around the abuses used to support the Workers Party is ANAC. This type of conduct is banned by election law,” said Carlos Sampaio (PSDB-SP), Muda Brasil general counsel.

The PSDB said it would take ANAC to court at the federal elections tribunal along with Dilma, charging that she “persecutes political opponents of the government.”

The agency said it would take “the proper steps” if the Folha story was true. ANAC added that it will inspect other airports that may be “receiving irregular operations.”

The Neves campaign says the licensing of the Cláudio airport, built by the state government of Minas Gerais, is and has been legal and transparent.

ANAC says it will perform an inspection to verify that the technical requirements were met during construction before it issues an operating license. Once cleared by the Air Force, the premises may be opened to the public. According to the Folha, Dilma’s campaign has stated it will file charges of improprieties with the public prosecutor.

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I Think ICANN | Alex Gakura

Author: Alex Gakuru | YouTube

Alex is profiled on Wikipedia for his work in Kenya.

He is heavily involved in ICANN, but also works as a Board Member for the Communications Commission of Kenya, and is the Chairman of the ICT Consumer’s Association of Kenya.

Pública | Globo Voices Online?


To come: Why Pública is the most interesting and dynamic investigative journalism project in Brazil today, performing valuable work while dealing with a horde of eclectic financial supporters. It receives support from, for example — see above — a plethora of funding sources and content redistributors, including the major funders of “innovation journalism.”

  1. MacArthur
  2. Ford
  3. Hivos
  4. Berkman Center
  5. Knight Foundation
  6. Odebrecht

Screenshot from 2014-07-21 18:59:17

Screenshot from 2014-07-21 18:25:26

In order to prepare a focused crawl of the Web site — which publicly links to its supporters — I ran

wget -rH --tries 3

to obtain k-neighbors a single hop away.

These can be used to feed a WIRE crawl of greater depth. The count at the moment is 704.

The strategy of the site is to agressively encourage republication of the content it produces, with a mission to practice exemplary journalism — similar to Abraji — with which overlap is scarce.

Screenshot from 2014-07-21 17:48:27

The social network as discovered by WIRE, above, deserves a cautionary note, by the way. You cannot infer too much from such tools because the algorithm used often does not yield a more complete census until you have run many iterations.

That was the case here: the bot has not yet caught up to the data, and may never produce a complete CAT scan. But its role as a broker between Rede Brasil Actual and the Brazilian Infomoney is intriguing. Least path?

The Boston Hive Mind | Curator or Brokerage?

Screenshot from 2014-07-20 07:45:17

Wikipedia: was one of the first news websites on the public web, launched in late October 1995 by Boston Globe Electronic Publishing Inc., the Internet subsidiary of the Boston Globe ….

On September 12, 2011, the Boston Globe launched a separate site at that put most journalistic content from its print edition behind a paywall. still offers local news, sports, weather and leisure.

In September 2012, launched a new section, “the Hive”, that covers innovation and new technologies created by Boston area companies and beyond.

The Hive was rebranded as BetaBoston and so there we have it.

The site blends content from and the Boston Globe’s newsroom, and selects content from other experts on the web. The content is curated and appears in a media stream that constantly refreshes on the Hive’s homepage.

The site resembles in many ways the use of blogs by major dailies, such as the excellent Dealbook at the New York Times 

But what is really interesting is the volume and eclecticism of “curated” content — not to mention the economics of it. In my reading about redesigned newsrooms recently there is a certain amount of bad blood between the “business side” and editorial — something I experienced firsthand myself.

If I ever begin to call myself a “curator,” please shoot me, although I might take the job if you offered it under another name. The word “edit” should be kept safe from Newspeakers, but the actual work is pretty much the same.

Hire an editor today.

Screenshot from 2014-07-20 08:02:51

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