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Public Safety | What Will Haddad Do?

What has Fernando Haddad planned for the megalopolis when he assumes as mayor of São Paulo in January?

Not even the Estado de S. Paulo — normally a good source of public policy news that measures promises against results  — has much to say on the subject.

There is not much to say, really:

The PSDB saw its hegemony in São Paulo shamefully  outflanked and outflacked by a political newcomer with a technocratic profile and an album of grip and grins with Lula — the same characteristics that carried  Dilma to the presidential palace..

This means the PSDB will have to measures forces with the federal presidency in the hands of the PT and one of the largest cities in the world, also in PT hands.

Tradtional allies, the DEM — brutalized by the corruption trial of their Federal District governor, Arruda — have basically fallen on their swords and ceased all efforts to matter — with the exception of ACM Neto, newly elected mayor of Salvador, Bahia.

And so things are not looking up for Geraldo Alckmin’s 2014 reelection unless Haddad fails to show that he can tick off boxes on his list of things to get done. The state assembly will likely knock itself out to make sure that nothing does get done.

At any rate, with recent contratemps in the news over public safety in the city and state of São Paulo, I thought that this issue might make for a start to my note taking.

How will  state-municipal cooperation play out politically? What is the mayor allowed to do in this area?  Should the civilian-controlled Guarda Civil supplant the military-controlled PM?

(A) Territorial Approach to Crime and Violence Prevention

  • The municipality should not focus on the logic of repression. The Constitution does not attribute this power to the municipality.
  • The objective of our administration in this area is manifold: to recover urban spaces, foster citizenship and public safety, defend the city’s public image and invest in the urban development of municipal territories.
  • Create a territorially based, cooperative and participatory program modeled on the federal Territórios da Paz – part of the Pronasci program – that will encourage community participation and corporate governance in the territories.
  • Create open, representative community councils in the subprefectures.

The 31 subprefectures of S. Paulo are currently led by retired or reserve military police officers — which is creepy.

But what is this concept of “territoriality”?

It seems to refer to modern demographic patterns of center-periphery “socioterritorial” exclusion in the greater metro area. In particular, it seems to stem from the federal Pronasci program, which envisages the organization of GGIMs — Integrated Municipal Management Offices — and community councils. This is patented PT participatory democracy in action.

Reversing the process of verticalization and centralization, meanwhile, with  the development of semi-autonomous zones fitted out with mixed use buildings and class diversity among occupants — is the most thoroughly thought-out chapter in Haddad’s proposal, and is likely to meet with the greatest resistance.

In the end, with this new administration as with the last, it is all about the price per square meter in Higienópolis.

Below, a partial translation of the Haddad Public Policy Bible.

(B) Anti-Crack Policy

  • Implement multisector activities — health, social services, employment and income, education, urban planning, culture, and so on — and work with the state and federal governments through the “Crack War is Winnable” campaign.
  • CAPS — Psychosocial Treatment Centers — should be distributed all over the city and should operate 24-7, with separate facilities for adults and children and pregnant drug users. In the health sector, medical units need not be so large, and should be planned according to the logic of territorialization.

Again with the territorialism.

  • CAPS should be distributed all over the city and should operate 24-7, with separate facilities for adults and children and pregnant drug users.

(C) Integrated Surveillance Video

  •  Integrate video from the various agencies — military police and fire brigades, traffic engineering, civil defense, the municipal guard and so on —
  • Increase video coverage of areas with high crime and accident rates
  • • Create mobile bases for the Guarda Metropolitana with video capabilities. Vans already exist for this purpose, equipped with telephoto lenses.
  • Link these activities with preventive measures in high risk areas, such as locations vulnerable to crack and other drugs;
  • Coordinate and share all information gathered in order to integrate criminal intelligence work.
  • Among the attributes of the municipal public safety secretary is “to promote adequate use of criminal data and statistics” based on data from the federal and state governments, as well as neighboring municipalities. The result would be a [Web-based?] Public Safety Watch.
  • To initiate this program, the mayor should request information from the state and federal governments as part of the PRO CRIM program.
  • Creating a map of neighborhoods and streets prone to crimes is essential to the planning of preventive security measures. The city should also ask the federal government for access to INFO SEG, the justice ministry’s public security database. A decree by then-President Lula first raised the possibility of providing the city this access based on an Accord of Federative Cooperation.

(D) Strengthening the Civil Guard (GCM) and Amending the Delegated Activity Accord.

• The theory of delegated activity cannot be allowed to undermine the Guarda Civil Metropolitana, as happened during the term of my predecessor. The GCM is no longer out protecting schools and parks, tasks that have been outsourced to private security firms by the state government.

Fernando Haddad will thoroughly redraft the Delegated Activity Accord so that it will longer be restricted to
oversight of informal street vendors.

Even when working on a municipal level, the military police continue acting as military police, responsible for public order and ostensive patrols. The next mayor could, for example, deploy the PM to operate under a DAA in areas with higher violence rates, where their mere presence might have a chilling effect on crime. They might also be tasked to go after specific crimes, such as chop shops, fencing and grand theft auto.
Strengthen the GCM by hiring more officers, modernizing equipment, and implementing ongoing professional training.

(E) Restructuring the Metropolitan Public Safety Forum.

In its best years, the Metropolitan Public Safety Forum, created during the 2000s, gathered together 25 municipalities from the greater S. Paulo metro area as well as representatives of civil society, such as the São Paulo Institute Against Violence.

The city of São Paulo should take the lead in renewing this forum, which should be legally constituted as a consortium for specific ends. The Forum should be well-staffed and equipped to study all the data gathered and then to propose policy based on the evidence to all participating cities.