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Brazilian Curriculum Wars | Testing Wordfast

miitarywordfast

An excellent new tool — well, not so new, as many friends have sung its praises, the Wordfast online translation and translation memory is one my list of things to tinker with. Maybe it is time to abandon OmegaT.

The main drawback is that all local versions work only with MS Word running on WINE. They say this works well, but why pay for Word when there is Open Office, capable of handling a brigade of document formats.

As an example translation, PT>EN-US and using Wordfast Anywhere, follows.

CNV due to investigate textbooks at military schools

By Lair Amaro

Historical omissions mark books used in military schools.

Textbooks used to teach Brazilian history in military schools omit information essential to the understanding of certain episodes of the military dictatorship (1964-1985).

Narrating the 1964 «revolution», for example, one volume of the Trompowsky Marshal collection argues that the coup was planned, promoted and carried out by moderate, law-abiding groups.

The book goes on to say that the Congress declared the Presidency vacant before choosing general Castello Branco as president, not long after the coup. It omits the fact that the deposed president had not fled the jurisdiction and was still in Brazil.

Another book, «500 years of History of Brazil», says that the Guerrilla of the Araguaia (1972-1975) was defeated “when its leaders fled,” ignoring the executions and disappearance captured by the Army.

Brazil has 12 military academies. Each offers 6 years of elementary schooling of basic education and 3 years middle school education and have 14,000 students, many of them children of military personnel.

The coordinator of the National Truth Commission, Claude Fonteles, affirmed that these textbooks could be targeted for recommendations by the commission, which was instituted to investigation human rights abuses during the dictatorship.

“This is a proper subject for inclusion in our recommendations,” Fonteles said. It is necessary to respect the autonomy of the military schools, but schools cannot simply ignore the curricula adopted by other schools, both public and private schools.

UFRJ history professor Carlos Fico says the government should promote a general inspection and reform of military school curricula. “We know nothing about how the the schools for officers are run, says Fico. It is not a military issue. It directly affects public safety.
The National Association of History intends to ask the Ministries of Education and Defense to evaluate textbooks adopted in the military schools.

Editorial Reply

In a note, the Ministry of the Education said that it cannot interfere with the curriculum of military schools. For its part, the Ministry of the Defense informed that it only monitors the curriculum of institutions dedicated to training officers and enlisted men.

Gen. Jose Carlos Dos Santos — curator of the Marshal Trompowsky collection and commander of the Army’ DEPA training program — had no comment and suggested that further questions be addressed to the press relations office of the Army.

In a note of its own, the Army informed that it had cost three years of research to produce the standard curriculum and that its textbooks are reviewed annually, but declined to answer more specific questions.

A common point of disgreement in the history textbooks is the presentation of the categories «ideal socialism» and «actual socialism» — Stalin, Lenin and the like –in contrast with “ideal capitalism” and “actual capitalism». The theory is vintage Weber.

My high school Advanced Placement exams in history, I recall, used a similar approach — colleges are not interested in candidates who fear midnight kidnappings by North Korean brainwashing squads.

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