• September 2013
    M T W T F S S
    « Aug   Oct »
     1
    2345678
    9101112131415
    16171819202122
    23242526272829
    30  
  • Pages

  • Marginalia

  • Accumulations

Força Nacional | Ten Years On

FNSP

The Força Nacional de Segurança Pública (FNSP) is a an elite, model national police force comprising carefully vetted and trained personnel from the police and armed services, under the command of the Ministry of  Justice.

t seems to have been conceived of as a precision tool against more violent forms of corruptions, in many cases of which ultraviolence-prone  police are at the heartof the negative scenario.

That is to say, what do you do when your only recourse against the local death squad are themselves part of the armed anarchocapitalist network?

The force seemed like an intellligent innovation at the time, but it does not command the crime and punishment headlines as the federal police do.

It seems to me like a better solution than using the example of MINUSTAH in Haiti, as some gung-ho Brazilian military wanted,  within the city limits of Rio. 

Source:  G1

In partnership with the state judicial police, the National Security Force (FNS) unleashed an operation in the early morning hours of September 26 in which it served five arrest and search warrants In Rio Verde, in southwestern Goiás. Among the suspects taken into custody were a military police trooper, a former prison guard, and a businessman. Investigation indicate the suspects were part of a death squad responsible for at least three homicides in the city.

Another ex-guard managed to escape as the police descended on the location. There is a further arrest warrant outstanding on another PM who lives in another community in the area. State police said there was no deadline for the operation to end and that FNSP teams could remain in the area for up to a year.

EBS reports that the purpose of the assignment is to clear a very high number of homicides in the region.

In all, 50 police took part in what was dubbed Operation Erga Omnies, a Latin phrase the police said signifies “Justice for All.”

Erga omnes, as in “there is no I in erga omnes.”

Searches of the residences of the group turned up three firearms of a type reserved for military use, along with ammunition.

On the Força. by a somewhat opinionated Wikipedian:

The FNSP, created in 2004 and headquartered in the Federal District, in Luziânia, is a public security cooperation program coordinated by the National Secretary of Public Safety (SENASP) of the Justice Ministry. It was created during the administration of Lula da Silva at the suggestion of Justice Minister Márcio Thomaz Bastos.

Some researchers say that the current state military police should be reconceived with regard to efficiency, efficacy and effectiveness [sic]. PMs could be grouped  together under the umbrella of a more wide-ranging institution, based on the conception of a National Guard or gendarmerie, following the example of national guards in Chile, Spain, Germany, Portugal, Argentina, and Colombia.

The history of the Italian carabinieri is also instructive on this point.

The need for such a force is said to arise from that fact that police actions are developed on a strictly local basis, or at most regionally, with a resulting losss in the public perception of safety, given that crimes committed directly or indirectly in one area have ties to organizations or factions in other states (coordinated on a national, or even international, level.)

When police think locally and not nationally, information and operational coordination are wasted despite the contribution of the SNI | National Intelligence Service, coordinated by ABIN.

The FNSP, created by the federal government (art. 4º, § 2º do Decreto 5289 de 2004) and formed by state and federal police,  emerges in embryonic form from the national guard scheme

The FNS is called in whenever public disturbances, anywhere in Brazil, require their presence. For this reason, it is necessary to obtain the acquiescenceé of state governors, a condition imposed by an amendment to the law on March 12, 2013, through Presidential Decree No. 7.,957, iand including armed intervention in the states in which any federal minister has an interest, including environmental protection, or at the request of any governor.

The organization’s Wikipedia page cites some of the actions participated in by the FNSP.

On different occasions, the National Force was called in the state of Espírito Santo as well as in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul, primarily to help containing rebellions inside prisons.

On another occasion, the federal government offered to send the National Force to assist the state of São Paulo against acts of violence organized there, in 2006, again by prisoners against the state public safety forces, but the federal government offer was refused by the state government, as the state claimed control over the prisoners.

The governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Sérgio Cabral Filho asked for support from the National Force of Public Safety back in 2007 when the state suffered from a wave of attacks by several criminal factions. The Federal Government agreed to send a contingent of about 500 men and 52 vehicles to patrol 19 critical points within the state, mostly in the shantytowns

The Force is deployed in Bahia for the another 60 day period — keeping the peace in a land disupte involving the Tupinambá — and assigned to the Pernambuco border for antidrug duty..

Its presence in the federal district on an unspecified  mission has also been extended. Its stay in Alagoas has also been extended 90 days.

Correction — its assignment to the DF

is focused on the drug trade, grand theft auto and principally on snatch and grab kidnappings.

Globo Rural, on the Bahian situation

The presence of the FNSP has not proven effective in containing new indigenous appropriations of rule properties in the area known as the Serra do Padeiro, in southern Bahia state.

Rural estates continue to be occupied every day and not even the indigenous leaders know for certain how many have been sezied in an attempt to get the federal government to conclude the process of demarcation for the cTupinambá de Olivença. Indigenous reserved.

As the number of occupied properties grows, tensions run high and acts of violence occur. In the last few weeks alone, after the FNSP arrived in the area and the Bahia government announced it would reinforce its military police presence in the area, roads are blocked, homes and cars are set afire, and commercial establishments looted.

A rural worker was shot during an occuption and an Indian shot to death under circumstances that authorities say they are still investigating, but that the Indians say they are involved in a land dispute with the rural producers of that area.

Santa Catarina

FLORIANÓPOLIS, SC, 19 de setembro (Folhapress) – Após dez dias de audiências, terminou na madrugada de hoje a primeira fase do julgamento dos 98 acusados pelas ondas de violência em Santa Catarina em novembro de 2012 e fevereiro de 2013.

After ten days of hearings, the first phase in the trial of 98 defendants accused in the wave of violence in Santa Catarina in November 2012 and February 2013 has come to an end.

There were 182 attacks in 54 cidades, most of them involving the burning of buses and gunfire aimed at public buildings, according to the Polícia Militar.

Neither the judge nor the prosecutor would talk to the press.

The group was arrested for criminal conspiracy, drug trafficking and weapons violations.

The trial, the largest in state history, was conducted in the penitentiary at Itajaí (88 km from Florianópolis).

The two waves of attacks began when prisoners felt ill-treated by prison guards, police say.

In response, the state government isolated violent prisoners, improved hygiene at the prisons, and brokered a review of the trials of 17,000 prisoners, many of whom want more liberal rights.

The first wave of violence took place between November 12 and November 18 last year, with 68 attacks in 17 cities, according to the PM.

The second took place between January 30 and March 4 of this year, with 114 incidents in 37 cities.

The attacks stopped after the Ministry of Justice sent in the FNSP and the State transferred 40 prisoners to federal prisons. 

Investigations showed the attacks were ordered by the Primeiro Grupo Catarinense (PGC), a criminal faction created in 2003 to combat the local branch of the PCC (Primeiro Comando da Capital), from São Paulo.

The attorney suspected of leading the group was not present at court today.