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A World of Nets | PHA on Media Trust-Busting


Source: Conversa Afiada.

Brazilian TV reporter and political humorist Paulo Henrique Amorim argues that Brazil is swimming against the tide in the area of economic regulation of the media in Latin America, with the passage and implementation of Mexico’s Ley de los Médios, which goes into effect in March 2015. Headline:

Globo is not just “dominant” — it is a monopoly!

México, as we learn from Vargas Llosa, is the perfect dictatorship.

México is also the darling of the (American) risk agencies, and as a result, of the Brazilian neoliberals as well, such as Bacha.

México has recently elected a president from the PRI, Peña Nieto, a young man with the air of a São Paulo Toucan*, and as a result reflecting all that is most conservative and defeatist in Latin America.

* Toucan: member of the Social Democratic party

One of his first official acts was to sell [shares in] PEMEX, the national oil company that for decades was inextricably associated with Mexican political independence.

The Washington Post wrote of “historic changes.”

More recently, Pemex sold its position in the Spanish Repsol.

Under an energy overhaul passed last year by Congress, the company will face competition from private and foreign companies that will be allowed back into the oil and gas sector for the first time in 76 years.

The opposition PAN also proposed selling off of PEMEX shares.

Mexico today is nothing more than a Puerto Rico or Panamá, on a larger scale. It may well soon become just another star on the Stars and Stripes.

It has to surrender a great deal more to earn that honor, however.

After all, it was Mexico — Mexico! — that finally curtailed the power of the Mexican Globo, Televisa.

And then there is Carlos Slim, the second-richest man in the world (after Bill Gates)!

The [lame duck] Peña Nieto got a law passed that establishes the concept of a “dominant economic agent”: aimed at those companies with substantial influence in specific markets, which enables them to unduly influence price-setting and impose barriers to competition.

The concept of a “dominant economic agent” applies to the telecommunications and broadcasting market in general.

The concept of dominance is one of the mandates of a constitutional reform of broadcasting, telecoms and competition imposed on the National Institute of Telecommunications, along with other tasks that are scheduled for implementation within 180 days of its creation, due March 9, 2014.

(In Brasil, as we know, broadcasting regulations date to 1963 and were signed into law by the great João Goulart, who vetoed 33 articles. All these vetoes were overcome by the coup-plotting Congress under the control of Assis Chateaubriand’s TV Tupi.)

Globo was created after the coup of 1964, and also because of it.

Under the new Mexican law, companies must cease to “dominate” their markets under the watchful eye of the Mexican ANATEL, the IFT.

(Here, as we know, the agencies born from the womb of the PSDB’s privatization policies [of the 1990s] were soon defanged and were easily captured by private corporations  … or better, by privateered companies.*

*Privataria is a satirial  play on the terms for «privatize» and «piracy».

The most significant victim of the Media Law is Carlos Slim.

The neoliberal Carlos Salinas de Gortari, who along with Fernando Henrique Cardoso belongs to a group of neoliberal president who tried to sell Latin America to the U.S., handed over nationwide Mexican telephone service to Slim.

Today, Salinas lives in a bunker in Mexico City and never ventures outside for fear of encountering hostility.

In São Paulo, Fernando Henrique takes to the streets and enjoys Argentine restaurants in perfect comfort.

In Brazil, Slim owns Claro and Embratel.

Embratel he bought from the U.S. corporation MCI, which had snapped up the company during the privateering period, along with its communication satellites.

That is to say, Fernando Henrique sold the Americans — and Slim — the communication satellites of the Brazilian armed forces!

And they take him seriously!

Slim also owns [triple play provider] NET.

NET is the brain child of the sons of Roberto Marinho, the ones who have not otherwise made a name for themselves.

When Globo went broke, the eldest son asked Slim for a loan “by Friday.”

And so Slim saved Globo and took over NET.

NET, with its democratic commitment to airing only the content produced by Globo.


Slim loves media!

He clearly understands where the power lies.

(The only ones who cannot see it are laborist politicians — in Brazil.

Slim is now the largest individual shareholder of the New York Times:

This is how it happened.

The Sulzberger heirs nearly ran the Times into the ground.

Slim made [an angel investment].

Could he do the same thing for Globo?


Valdir Macedo has already said he has no interest in Globo — its payroll and pension obligations are high, despite the recent layoff of 300 employees.

In Brazil and in possession of Globo, Slim could swim free, because here we lack the burden of designating companies as a “dominant economic agent.”

Here in Brazil, it is the Volume Bonus* the whole day long!

In Mexico, the other victim is Televisa, which enjoys a dominant position comparable to that enjoyed by Globo and by Argentina’s Clarin, prior to the arrival of the laborists Néstor and Cristina Kirchner in power […]

Like Slim’s América Móvil, Televisa, which is able to produce worse soap operas than Globo’s and sell them to Silvio Santos, Televisa will have to shrink, sell off assets, exit markets, and put an end to its “dominance.”

After the humiliation we suffered by comparison with Argentina,  Equador, and Uruguay, where Mujica said he did not wish to be the slave of Globo or Clarín, we are now put to shame by the example of Mexico.

Mexico, the perfect dictatorship!

But not as perfect, it seems, as Brazil!